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Science and High Technology Education in Georgian Universities

"Our welfare, security, health, ecology, and level of life as never ever depends on science” - these words were spoken out recently by the President of the United States, Barak Obama. Everyone realizes the significance of studying science, or saying more precisely, applied sciences, making it possible to discover new cause-and-effect relationships either in living organisms, economics, social systems or physical world. We see how fast are changing our understandings of various factors affecting living conditions on the Earth, or ecology, stimulating dramatic challenges for humanity. This situation made scientists to find new and new approaches on the one hand, to balance ecological system, and on the other hand, to improve welfare of human society. Today we are faced the strong requirements of a permanent development an education system in high schools as well as in universities, particularly in science and high technology, integrated in

information technologies.

Unfortunately, all over the world we observed that more or less good scientific education is realized in developed countries as the United States, European states, Canada, Japan. Though, this situation recently began to change. Among new challengers we see China and India that must be welcomed, because many educated specialists in western countries are moving back to their fatherlands. In other words, this is a natural self-balancing process versus early observed "brain drain” or migration flows of talented youngsters to developed states.

Now I would like to mention several serious problems concerning education of sciences in Georgian universities. First of all, traditionally in soviet period with very strongly organized and structured societal network a way to acquire a scientific education, and then, to defend two stages of a scientific degrees – equivalent of Western PhD, and next, Doctor of Sciences, as a rule, could provide a workplace and relatively "quiet life”. It was significant stimulus to make a choice for scientific carrier, however, such a situation over time create a decline of quality scientists and engineers. Today it we can see among a new generation of doctors. While in former soviet republics a scientific degree played and even today plays important role to get good position, I met pretty enough number of similar people having PhDs in the US, and, probably, the same happens in all other countries, however, there the  degree is not so strongly connected with their position.

Today we see a steep decrease of interest to various sciences among young generations in Georgia. There are many reasons, but main lies in bad high school education because of lack of well qualified teachers and university professors which creates a substantial gap between the update education and Georgian reality. The question arises how to avoid such a problem? The Ministry of Education takes several few measures to make youngsters more interested in sciences; however it is not effective because kids actually see how the highly qualified scientists and engineers (in particular parents) are ultimately law paid.

At the same time, on the one hand, historically Georgians confirmed their distinguished individual creativity that can be seen via peculiarities of the ancient, middle-aged or contemporary art, expressed in architecture, painting, gold works or music, and, on the other hand, in the first half of 20th century we had worldwide known scientists and engineers in contemporary natural sciences as mathematics, physics, biology, physiology, psychology and so on.

Hence we think that there is a strong urgent need to change radically our relation to a university education by intensifying efforts towards attraction of a new generation into study of the most perspective applied sciences covered by information technologies, to which, according to competent experts of the world, will be dedicated 21 century. It should be only possible throughout finding various ways of intensive attraction of youngsters and creating some reliable guarantees for their future. We will not also forget about a problem of well-qualified tutors selection.

Therefore, I imply that in such a situation the concept of reasonable strategy for a substantial development of Georgian economy in the nearest future should be mainly based on a rapid and intensive investment into implementation of the applied sciences and high technologies using the already having accumulated intellectual potential. The reasonableness of such an approach was clearly shown by Far East states: Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, China and so on. For example, I can note that only in the Institute of Cybernetics the first large holograms in the world were made in late sixties. Today this institute despite the staff of Institute for recent 15 years was decreased from 1200 to 200, it continuous to develop such most perspective researches as it is the information technologies, namely, nanotechnologies, liquid crystals, holographic processing, photovoltaic systems, artificial neuron networks for forecasting main macroeconomic indicators, like GDP, and so forth. All the mentioned types of researching and industrial facilities might be shortly developed on a bilateral profitability bases by such World leaders as Intel, IBM, Apple, AT & T, HP, Motorola, Bell Telephone, or others.

Category: Abstracts | Added by: margalita (08.11.2009)
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