The danger of spreading of Islamic radical movements in Caucasus and Georgia are analyzed in our report. It is pointed out that the enforcement of such movements is expected on the territories of Georgia, which are not controlled by central government yet. The conflicts existing in Transcaucasia are of quite dangerous challenge for the Muslim population of Georgia. It is also indicated that emerging dangers are expected to appear in the regions of Georgia which are compactly settled by Muslim population – Shida Kartli, Achara, Kakheti. It is also quite obvious that in case of resettlement of so-called “Turkish Meskhis” in Georgia, the Islamic radical ideology will prevailed there.
South Caucasus is becoming more and more involved in dangerous hemisphere of Islamic radical movements. In this regard Azerbaijani population is used as the potential base for the enlargement of Islamic radical movement in Caucasus. Encouragement is coming form the Shia Iran. Iran has a long tradition of maintaining radical Islamic movements in the Middle East just to use them for her purpose. Methods of instigation are various over the Muslim population, the most common are spreading out the religious literature and enforcement of devout schools associated sometimes with mosques and masjids.
The most effective area for radical movements in Georgia during the 2nd half of 1990s was Kakheti region. That was a time when Vahabit radical groups moved from Chechnya to Pankisi Gorge to spread radical Islamic ideology over the local population and among the asylum seekers from various parts of Ichkeria. The financial support was provided from international associations of Vahabit movement largely from Saudi Arabia or from other Muslim countries either. Regarding to their support Vahabits opened the preliminary religious schools and mosques in Pankisi. Many young and clever students were sent to Muslim countries to obtain higher education for advanced studies in Islam. Humanitarian help was also provided for the residents. With those measures they acquired trust and support from local Muslim population. As a result of this they achieved to establish full control over the Pankisi Gorge for several years. Only further destabilization forced the Georgian authorities to interfere for enforcement law and order in the upper mentioned region.
The processes taking place in the Northern Caucasus are analyzed as well. Also a physiologic and mental motive of those young people is examined who are eager to join Islamic radical movements, and the responsibility of Vahabists. The case is researched that if the government was familiar with the characteristics of Vahabit ideology, its strategy and tactics, this movement would not be able to control Pankisi Gorge, and also Kakheti region would never become object of crisis in Georgia at the second half of 1990s. The conclusion is made about of necessity to study and analyze the characteristics of Islamic radical movements in Georgia and to lay out the appropriate counter measures.