The historical role given to Kazakhstan and Georgia at a crossroads between the East and West cannot be valued only by simple retranslation of social and economic, political and cultural interrelations. Mission of these states has been predetermined still in the ancient time and has an effect on conditions of modern history and geopolitics. To understand the essence of the Kazakhstan-Georgian relations it is not enough to be limited only by taking into consideration their parameters and indicators. The question consists of understanding a deep essence, more truly, to find keys or solve historical code for the Kazakhstan-Georgian crossroads of Asia and Europe.
Director of the London School of Economy and Political Sciences E.Giddene has defined the contemporary world as "escaping", almost does not leave time for preservation of former representations. It has changed and has complicated the process of mutual attraction, having separated and having made destinies of many countries-limitrofs dependent on frequent geopolitical shocks. Meanwhile, it is very important to find common features in our changing faces in this escaping world, to keep parallels and the general values.
Not casually, R.V.Metreveli has decided to address to sources of the Caucasian civilization, naming Caucasus «the natural bridge between the East and the West» which had played «the big role in dialogue of cultures, in rapprochement and mutual understanding of the people». Meanwhile geopolitical games of last one and a half centuries have considerably changed our perception, and representations about Caucasus as a part of the Eurasian subcontinent.
A protection zone of Eurasia, which includes Kazakhstan and Georgia, has deep historical roots. It is enough to draw attention to the geopolitical history of Kipchaks. Arab writers al-Omari, Ibn Khaldun and Ibn-Arabshah lead the overall dimensions of the territory occupied by the Kipchaks tribes (i.e Polovtsy or Kumans), including their lands in the steppes of Kazakhstan and Eastern Europe. Information about the foreign relations of Kipchaks of Kazakhstan at the 11th and the beginning of the 13th centuries contained in a number of sources. The geography of these relationships was extensive. Kipchaks were the most important external and internal factor in the policy of such states as Byzantium, Rus, Seljuk Sultanate, Volga Bulgaria, Hungary and, of course, Georgia. In the pre-Mongol period Kipchaks under leadership of Atrah Khan played an important role in the organization of the military affairs for the Georgian king David IV and his successors.
The modern history of the Kazakhstan-Georgian relationship has begun since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Kazakhstan and Georgia, July 23, 1992. In the existing literature there is accepted predominate the point of view about the primacy of economic interests between two countries that can not lift up the problem of historical code of partnership between Kazakhstan and Georgia in the conditions of the new world.
Approaches to understanding of the historical code of Kazakhstan-Georgian parallels in the vast Eurasian region include, above all, understanding of the basics of historical retrospective of the past of the Kazakh and Georgian nations. It is important to understand how Kazakhstan and Georgia perceive each other. And here it is should be refer to the origins of the traditions of understanding, humanitarian and intellectual format of the dialogue between the people of our countries. The world can be saved only by the mind that created it.